Interesting Chinese Idioms

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成语 idiom

Here is a collection of Chinese Idioms. An Idiom is a set phrase of saying that carries a particular meaning. In English there are many such phrases. For instance, " A rolling stone gathers no moss" is a common idiom.

Idioms are created via shared cultural experiences. Sometimes they come from classic texts. Other times they come from the words of famous movies or actors. Examples include "I'll be Back" from the movie "The Terminator", or "To Be or Not to be" from Shakespere.

[成语] (chéng yǔ)'Chinese Idioms' are short sayings usually consisting of four characters.

It's one thing to learn to understand such expressions in Chinese text, but a completely different thing to actively use them in your own phrases. If you don't know a large number of Chinese idioms, it can be difficult to spontaneously find suitable expressions for different occasions.

成语idiom
语言词汇中的一部分定型的词组或短句。汉语成语有固定的结构形式和固定的说法,表示一定的意义,在语句中是作为一个整体来应用的,多数为4个字,也有3字的以及4字以上的成语,有的成语甚至是分成两部分,中间有逗号隔开。
成语一般都是四字格式,也有二字、三字、五字、六字、等成语。如五十步笑百步闭门羹莫须有欲速则不达醉翁之意不在酒等。
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Here are some of them:

爱屋及乌(ài wū jí wū):
There was a state called zhou in the chinese history. One day, the king of zhou asked his officials for advice on dealing with prisoners of war. An official said, "i once heard if you love someone, you are intended to love even the crows on the roof of his house; if you hate someone, you are intended to hate even the walls and the parapets of his. The prisoners of war were enemies fighting against us. In my opinion, we'd better kill them all." But the king.

『成语故事』爱屋及乌

作者:一斗

【大纪元12月22日讯】纣王死了,商朝灭了,周武王仍忧心忡忡,问:“进了殷都,对商朝的旧部怎么处置呢?”

太公说:“我听说:喜爱一个人,会喜欢他屋上的乌鸦(爱屋及乌);讨厌一个人,会讨厌他家的墙壁篱笆。应该杀尽那些敌对分子。”武王认为不行。

召公说:“杀了那些有罪的;放了那些无罪的。”武王认为不好。

周公说:“释放所有的人,用仁德来感化他们。”

周武王听了,心中豁然开朗,觉得天下可以安定了。

“爱屋及乌”比喻喜欢一个人,就会喜欢和这个人相关的东西。




bā八miàn面wēi威fēng风
bá miáo zhù zhăng 拔苗助长
bá拔miáo苗zhù助zhăng长
băi fā băi zhōng 百发百中 or băi百fā发băi百zhōng中

băi găn jiāo jí 百感交集
băi百găn感jiāo交jí集
bái miàn shū shēng 白面书生
bái白miàn面shū书shēng生
băi wén bù rú yī jiàn 百闻不如一见 or băi百wén闻bù不rú如yī一jiàn见

băi zhé bù náo 百折不挠 or băi百zhé折bù不náo挠
bān mén nòng fŭ 班门弄斧 or bān班mén门nòng弄fŭ斧
bàn tú ér fèi 半途而废 or bàn半tú途ér而fèi废

bào xīn jiù huŏ 抱薪救火 or bào抱xīn薪jiù救huŏ火
bēi gōng shé yĭng 杯弓蛇影 or bēi杯gōng弓shé蛇yĭng影
bèi shuĭ yī zhàn 背水一战 or bèi背shuĭ水yī一zhàn战

bì gōng bì jìng 必恭必敬 or bì必gōng恭bì必jìng敬
biāo xīn lì yì 标新立异 or biāo标xīn新lì立yì异
bié kāi shēng miàn 别开生面 or bié别kāi开shēng生miàn面

bīn zhì rú guī 宾至如归 or bīn宾zhì至rú如guī归
bīng guì shén sù 兵贵神速 or bīng兵guì贵shén神sù速
bìng rù gāo huāng 病入膏肓 or bìng病rù入gāo膏huāng肓

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